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Plate Forming Process for Electrochemical Cells

The Nu Energy Cell

Our unique ozone energy cell was formally called "capture capacitor." The capture capacitor is essentially a fuel cell powered by an ionizing energy source. Its' design utilizes optinum cathode and anode materials. A material such as borosilicate fiber can be used as a chemically inert, porous separator in a proof of concept prototype and is sandwiched between the cathode and anode plates. This cell can be both energy generator and storage cell all wrapped into one. This file is shared to demonstrate the plate forming process that is presently used. The information provided does not necessarily reflect the actual materials used to produce our ozone cell.

Iron (anode) Plate

To make the iron anode, first mix 6 grams of iron oxide with 1 gram of ammonium chloride, then add distilled water a drop at a time until a stiff paste results. The mixture will give off ammonia gas and will turn to a white color. Working quickly, smear the paste well into a 1 x 6-inch piece of  No. 20 or  30 close-mesh  iron or copper wire screening.

It will take about a day for the paste to thoroughly set and harden on the screen, or you can hasten it by placing it in an oven set at no more than 130F. When dry, lay screen in a solution of ammonium chloride (12 grams to 6 oz. of water), for about 1 hours to harden it further. This completes the anode plate.

Nickel (cathode) Plate

To make the nickel cathode, first mix 6 grams of nickel oxide with 1 gram of ammonium chloride, then add distilled water a drop at a time until a stiff paste results. The mixture will give off ammonia gas. Form this plate directly on the surface of a 1 x 6-inch. piece of .015 inch or thicker nickel screen, which has been cleaned thoroughly with emery cloth. Working quickly, smear this paste well into a 1 x 6-inch piece of No. 20 or  30 close-mesh nickel wire screening.

It will take about a day for this paste to thoroughly set and harden on the screen, or you can hasten it by placing it in an oven set at no more than 130F. When dry, lay screen in a solution of ammonium chloride (12 grams to 6 oz. of water), for about 1 hours to harden it further.

Fill a wide mouthed jar or a 1000 ml. Beaker with 32 oz. of distilled water. Dissolve 9 grams of sodium hydroxide (lye) in this water and add 1 gram of common table salt. Sodium hydroxide is hard on the hands and clothes in its concentrated form, so don't handle the crystals with your fingers and always add the crystals to the water slowly.

Mark the iron oxide plate negative and nickel oxide positive now to avoid mistakes. Connect a battery charger or car storage battery to the plates, negative to iron oxide plate and positive to the nickel oxide plate, also a direct current ammeter or digital multi-meter and a l0-ohm 25-watt resister is added in series with the forming current. Turn on the forming current and adjust the variable resister so that only 1 ampere of forming current flows. It is important that you observe polarity right at the first charge. Connecting the negative lead to the iron oxide plate and the positive lead to the nickel oxide plate. This charge must be (2 or 3 hours), because the iron oxide plate must be converted to metallic iron. It doesn't matter if the plates gas in this forming charge.

Attach the cathode and anode plates to a strip of wood to test them. Fill another 13-oz. glass tumbler with about 9 oz. of distilled water and slowly dissolve 3 oz. of sodium hydroxide in this to form the electrolyte of the iron-nickel cell. Suspend the plates in this liquid. Now your cell is complete. Cell voltage on open circuit will be right around 0.75 volts for this iron-nickel Edison cell.

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Nu Energy Horizons, P. O. Box 22, Rumney, New Hampshire 03266-0022 USA

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see related page of Ionically Assisted Fuel cell

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